Why did president lincoln issue the emancipation proclamation

Why Was the Emancipation Proclamation Written? As the years passed, questions as to why the Emancipation Proclamation was written continue to be asked. Looking back, historians point to several reasons why it was penned and issued by Lincoln in

Why did president lincoln issue the emancipation proclamation

Slave states and free states Abraham Lincoln The United States Constitution of did not use the word "slavery" but included several provisions about unfree persons. Article I, Section 9 allowed Congress to pass legislation to outlaw the "Importation of Persons", but not until Maryland did not abolish slavery until[16] and Delaware was one of the last states to hold onto slavery; it was still legal in Delaware when the thirteenth amendment was issued.

MissouriKentuckyMaryland and Delawareand so those states were not named in the Proclamation. Coverage[ edit ] The Proclamation applied in the ten states that were still in rebellion inand thus did not cover the nearlyslaves in the slave-holding border states Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland or Delaware which were Union states.

Those slaves were freed by later separate state and federal actions. The state of Tennessee had already mostly returned to Union control, under a recognized Union government, so it was not named and was exempted.

Why did president lincoln issue the emancipation proclamation

Virginia was named, but exemptions were specified for the 48 counties then in the process of forming the new state of West Virginiaand seven additional counties and two cities in the Union-controlled Tidewater region. These exemptions left unemancipated an additionalslaves.

This act cleared up the issue of contraband slaves.

Some 20, to 50, slaves were freed the day it went into effect [28] in parts of nine of the ten states to which it applied Texas being the exception. The Proclamation provided the legal framework for the emancipation of nearly all four million slaves as the Union armies advanced, and committed the Union to ending slavery, which was a controversial decision even in the North.

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Hearing of the Proclamation, more slaves quickly escaped to Union lines as the Army units moved South. As the Union armies advanced through the Confederacy, thousands of slaves were freed each day until nearly all approximately 3.

While the Proclamation had freed most slaves as a war measure, it had not made slavery illegal. Of the states that were exempted from the Proclamation, Maryland, [31] Missouri, [32] Tennessee, [33] and West Virginia [34] prohibited slavery before the war ended. InPresident Lincoln proposed a moderate plan for the Reconstruction of the captured Confederate State of Louisiana.

Why did Abraham Lincoln issue the Emancipation Proclamation? | eNotes

The state was also required to abolish slavery in its new constitution. Identical Reconstruction plans would be adopted in Arkansas and Tennessee. By Decemberthe Lincoln plan abolishing slavery had been enacted in Louisiana.

Background[ edit ] Military action prior to emancipation[ edit ] The Fugitive Slave Act of required individuals to return runaway slaves to their owners. During the war, Union generals such as Benjamin Butler declared that slaves in occupied areas were contraband of war and accordingly refused to return them.

As a result, he did not promote the contraband designation. In addition, as contraband, these people were legally designated as "property" when they crossed Union lines and their ultimate status was uncertain.

In DecemberLincoln sent his first annual message to Congress the State of the Union Addressbut then typically given in writing and not referred to as such.The Emancipation Proclamation is said to be the turning point in slavery, but through a deeper analysis of the document, I learned that it was a hidden agenda behind Lincoln’s decision to “free the slaves”.

Get an answer for 'Why did Abraham Lincoln issue the Emancipation Proclamation?' and find homework help for other History questions at eNotes. Why was the Emancipation Proclamation important? While the Civil War began as a war to restore the Union, not to end slavery, by President Abraham Lincoln came to believe that he could save the Union only by broadening the goals of the war.

Oct 29,  · On this day in , President Abraham Lincoln issues a preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, which sets a date for the freedom of more than 3 million black slaves in the United States and. The Emancipation Proclamation was issued by Lincoln during the Civil War so that slaves would be freed.

The only slaves that were affected by this were the ones in the United States, not the ones. Abraham Lincoln and the Emancipation Proclamation Summary This Presidents and the Constitution e-lesson focuses on Abraham Lincoln and the Emancipation Proclamation.

Though he had always hated slavery, President Lincoln did not believe the Constitution gave him the authority to bring it to an end—until it became necessary to free the .

Emancipation Proclamation - HISTORY