It was the region in which no states supported Abraham Lincoln in the presidential election. Yet, any hope that this pursuit of the middle ground would bring peace to Border State residents was quickly dashed in wartime. Angry confrontations, including some of the most violent guerrilla warfare in American history, became an everyday fact of life in this region, as the two sides lived side-by-side and confronted one another on a daily basis. The Border States were both compromising in peacetime and antagonistic in war, two seemingly contradictory positions that in fact sprung from the same source:
A constitution was drafted and on February 9 Jefferson Davis of Mississippi was elected president of the new federal republic thus brought into being. Texas was received as a state of the Confederacy immediately after the final adjournment of the secession convention and members of the first congress and two senators were elected from Texas.
Wigfall and William S. Oldham were the senators named and President Davis appointed John H. Reagan as a member of his cabinet, assigning him to the portfolio of postmaster general. Thus was the plan of "peaceful secession" carried out and thus did Texas take her place in the Confederacy.
But the secession of the Southern states was not to remain peaceful very long.
Lincoln was inaugurated president of the United States on March 4, and he and his cabinet took the position that the states had no power to sever their connection with the Union in this fashion and that the authority of the United States government over them would be maintained.
The Confederate government, on the other hand, decided that all United States troops must leave Confederate territory. It was this situation which brought about the fatal clash which ushered in the war between the two sections. There was some talk at first of attempting to compose the differences between the South and the Federal government, but this was without result.
Fort Sumter, in the harbor of Charleston, S. The demand was refused and on April 12,Confederate forces fired on the fort. Two days later Fort Sumter was surrendered to the Confederacy, and the next day, April 15, President Lincoln issued a call for volunteers to "preserve the Union" by force of arms.
The war was on!
A Roundtable Discussion. On April 9, , Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union forces at Appomattox, putting an end to the bloodiest war in American history. Sectionalism was in fact a major element of the civil war. At the risk of oversimplifying, the strongest conflict was between the Northeastern industrial states (New England, New York, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey), and the "South,"(basically the 11 states that made up the Confederacy). How Did Sectionalism Lead to the American Civil War? In the years prior to the American Civil War, a separate sense of cultural, political and economic identity developed and took hold between the North and the South that helped lead to the conflict.
The struggle thus commenced lasted four years and resulted in the defeat and total prostration of the Southern states. During its progress slavery was abolished by presidential proclamation as a "war measure" and after its close the federal constitution was amended, forever prohibiting slavery in all the states and giving the former slaves the status of citizens.
The Southern states lost all for which they contended and the economic system upon which the prosperity of the South rested was totally destroyed. The wealth of the Federal government and the superiority of numbers on the side of the North were too much to overcome.
Before the struggle ended the Northern states had put more than two million men into the field, whereas the Southern states, by drawing upon their population to the utmost, were not able to muster as many as a million. It was one of the most terrible conflicts in history, especially in view of the fact that it was fought by men of the same blood and of the same country.
The whole world stood aghast at the spectacle. Today, only a little more than a half-century after its close, the descendants of the men who participated in that conflict are a united people and constitute the greatest nation in the world.
And the heroic struggle which the men of the South made to defend their right to govern themselves and to resist the tyranny of government of one section of the country by another is as much a heritage of the whole American people as the struggle of the men of the North to preserve the Union.
For it was not nationalism in government that the South resisted. Whether the danger of sectional rule was as great as the men of the South believed it to be is a question which may be left open.
In any event it was believed to be great enough to warrant resistance to the point of prostration. And today it is an integral part of American tradition that sectional tyranny, no matter by which section it may be threatened, should be resisted with like courage and that the right of self-government should be maintained with like devotion.
That is the contribution which the Southern men who died on the battlefields of the war made to American ideals. That is the gift of the South to the nation. Texas played a part in the war of which this and all future generations of Texans may be justly proud.
Its people gave their full measure of courage and devotion to the cause. The commonwealth which, in the short space of forty years, had developed from a little group of three hundred families in the midst of a complete wilderness, sent more than seventy thousand men to the defense of the bonnie blue banner of the Confederacy.
One hundred and thirty-five officers above the rank of lieutenant-colonel in the Confederate army were from Texas. Among these was one full general, Gen. Hood; three major-generals, Samuel B. Of the thirty-eight generals of the above grades, thirty-three were promoted during their service from lower rank.
This fact in itself is a tribute to the mass of the soldiers from Texas, for it was the exploits of the men which won promotion for the officers who led them. Besides this, Texas contributed an enormous quota of military supplies and provisions for the armies of the South.
The state government spent more than three and a half million dollars at home for military purposes and paid more than thirty-seven million dollars of taxes, in Confederate notes, to the Confederate government.
News of the firing on Fort Sumter was received at Austin on April 17,and immediately Governor Clark took steps to prepare for the war. He provided for the organization, equipment and instruction of volunteer companies in every county in the state.
Young raised a cavalry regiment and captured Forts Arbuckle, Washita and Cobb, in the Indian territory beyond Red river, and compelled the Federals to retire into Kansas.Who had control of more states during the American Civil War, the North or the South?
What was the cause of the War of Spanish Succession? What is the song Yankee Doodle Dandy" really about?" What was sectionalism in America before the Civil War?
In the late 18th century, with the land used to grow tobacco nearly exhausted, the South faced an economic crisis, and the continued growth of slavery in America seemed in doubt.
Sectionalism is loyalty to one's own region or section of the country, rather than to the country as a whole. Sectionalism was a major cause in which conflict?
A) the Civil War B) the Mexican War C) the War of D) the Revolutionary War. In the years prior to the American Civil War, a separate sense of cultural, political and economic identity developed and took hold between the North and the South that helped lead to the conflict.
Sectionalism, which refers to loyalty to a section of a nation rather than to the nation as a whole. How Did Sectionalism Lead to the American Civil War? In the years prior to the American Civil War, a separate sense of cultural, political and economic identity developed and took hold between the North and the South that helped lead to the conflict.