The Apprentice in Theory: We come from two different disciplines, English and Film and Media Studies. When the Ronell-Reitman controversy exploded in the press and on social media, we were gripped by the need to work through what it meant for us and for the profession in which we are embedded.
Some ancient scholars argue that sometimes Aristotle means government by the term and sometimes he means constitution by the term.
I think that drawing that distinction is a uniquely modern way of thinking about the relation and we might be well-served to consider the dual meaning of the term without trying to distinguish those meanings.
Rousseau and Aristotle Like Aristotle, Rousseau is concerned that government has become slavery, a state of war, not the place of peace and tranquility, but the place of the advantage of some at the expense of others.
For Rousseau, common interest is insured by mutual total alienation that brings us to an investment in the interest of all the others because we are all mutually given over to them.
For Rousseau, this occurs through the artifice of the social contract. I take that to mean that we find ourselves with others engaged in the question of what Rousseau calls common interest from the outset.
For both Rousseau and Aristotle, the constitution is the establishment of the view of the common interest of the whole. Herein may lie the difference.
To be human and to be a citizen is to engage in this question of what the common interest is, what the shared sense of what it means to live well is.
Both Rousseau and Aristotle resist the view that this consideration of what living well is can be outsourced to a separate body, a government.
Rousseau establishes the government as the executor of the common will. By constitution, Aristotle means all those who are engaged in the work of determining what it means to live well. For Aristotle, this work happens in deliberation. For Rousseau, this work requires an assertion of the general will from citizens who are well-educated and separated from one another so as to avoid faction.
For both Aristotle and Rousseau, the ruling class is the whole of the community. Rousseau maintains that the people are sovereign and alone have the capacity to determine the will of the community, which is manifested in law.
Rousseau then establishes a government to put that law into work.
Rousseau and Government When Rousseau establishes a separate government to execute the law, the general will, as it is determined by the people who are the sovereign, he lets us know the problems of establishing a government.
Nothing is more dangerous than the influence of private interests in public affairs, and the abuse of laws by the government is a lesser evil than the corruption of the lawmakers which is the inevitable result of pursuing particular views.
In such a case, the state is altered in substance, and all reform becomes impossible. Rousseau thus argues that the government should be separated from the legislative powers in order to protect the purity of the legislative powers, which is to say, the general will.
But once a separate power is established from the sovereign, a smaller and more flexible body, the possibility that it will become eventually at odds with the sovereign body appears almost inevitable. A remarkable change then comes about: I mean the state as a whole dissolves and another forms within it, composed solely of the members of the government, and to the rest of the people, it is no longer anything more than their master and tyrant.
He is motivated to maintain this separate will because he has to artificially construct an investment in the community.
Rousseau has to artificially make people political.Rousseau Comparison Arendt But in Arendt’s writing Total Domination she believes that it’s wrong and that anyone who advocates it is mentally distressed.
They . There is a Hannah Arendt Fellowship and a Hannah Arendt Chair at the Helene-Lange-Schule, while Hannover celebrates Hannah Arendt Days (Hannah Arendt Tagen).  Hannah Arendt has been honoured by the use of her name in many contexts, including.
Jan 26, · This week On the Reading Rest I have a volume of Jean Jacques Rousseau, his dialogues, written in the s. The reason is straightforward. I listened to a presentation of an ongoing project aiming at publish a Swedish translation of the dialogues that has been lying dormant in the archives of the Bonnier media group.
Hannah Arendt was an influential twentieth century philosopher whose works focused on political views in society. This lesson will familiarize you with her work and help you understand Arendt's. After a comparison of Kant with Rousseau, I explore Kant's moral philosophy itself — unlike Hannah Arendt, who finds in the enlarged mentality of the third Critique the ground for the activity of imagination in a shared world.
Hannah Arendt's essays about the crisis over efforts of a group of youth, the “Little Rock Nine,” to desegregate a high school in Little Rock, Arkansas, reveal a tension in her vision of the “public.” In this article Aaron Schutz and Marie Sandy look closely at the experiences of the.