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I will be focusing on key influential psychoanalysts from the beginning through to the modern representations of psychoanalysis, beginning with the founder Sigmund Freud but also mentioning more modern theories, such as those of Melanie Klien, Heinz Kohut and Jacques Lacan. It is possible to define psychoanalysis in three aspects.
The first of these aspects being a method of mind investigation: The second being a method of therapy psychotherapeutic that derived from the type of investigation mentioned above. The final aspect can be defined as a group of theories based on the knowledge and data that is provided by the above investigation and treatment of the mind.
The themes of psychoanalysis are power, ambition, insecurity, attachment, isolation and longing. Therefore it has a profound influence on many aspects of twenty first century culture, including cinema. Freud believed in the Oedipus complex and that the individual who is unable to come to terms with their gender activity for boys, passivity for girls may become an hysteric and may display symptoms such as paralysis or amnesia.
Karen Horney — was one of the first generation of women to be admitted to the study of medicine, she then undertook training in analysis and gained her M.
As the position of women in society has progressed through time it is clear that the representation of women in film has developed alongside it. The male dominated society of the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century is reflected in cinema and film.
Women were portrayed in film often in a sexist way, in order to satisfy the male gaze. Out Of The Past is a classic example of Film-Noir written by Daniel Mainwaring and directed by Jacques Tourneur, which portrays two women from opposite ends of the spectrum.
The character of Kathie is represented as the ultimate femme fatale as she attempts to manipulate men as opposed to the men manipulating and controlling the women.
Women of this nature during this period were viewed largely by men as dangerous and irrational. This is because the femme fatale woman was rebelling against the conventions of traditional society.
Perhaps the disruptiveness can define, for feminist theory, the deadliness of femme fatale. A more recent example of a dangerous femme fatale character in film is Mia Wallace Uma Thurman in the film Pulp Fiction directed by Quentin Tarantino, who is regarded as untrustworthy by her husband, Marsellus.
Ella Khan Linda Bassett is subject to violence from her husband, yet she remains loyal to his wishes. Films portray the character of a woman in similar situations as fearful of the males.
The progress regarding the position of women in society, their rights and the move towards gender equality has led to a more proportioned representation of women in modern cinema.
Laura Mulvey Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema argues that in the majority of cinema and film the Male Gaze the perspective of a heterosexual man outweighs that of the Female Gaze. The deter-mining male gaze projects its phantasy on to the female figure, which is styled accordingly.
In their traditional exhibitionist role women are simultaneously looked at and displayed, with their appearance coded for strong visual and erotic impact so that they can be said to connote to-be-looked-at-ness.
Women displayed as sexual object is the leit-motif of erotic spectacle: Since the late nineteenth century women have played a key role in influencing the developments in the film industry. The roles that women played were most likely to be that of the stereotypical gender roles of the time.
Female actresses proved to be extremely popular with audiences and thus were an essential to the rise of and popularity of the film industry. As women had an increased role in society and they were able to earn their own income they began to take part in leisure activities associating outside the household with men.
One of these leisure activities being the Cinema, and in effect it was in fact the women that were funding the industry. Middle class women began to re-shape the cinema experience for those of the lower classes and film producers focused and relied upon these women in order to promote the industry and help it thrive.
Melodrama is something concerned primarily with the domestic and feminine themes, with melodramatic films often including a central female character.
Melodrama is a genre that relied upon the interest of female audiences and the ability of female actors for its success.IMAGE AND REPRESENTATION, A Dissertation Presented by IMAGING HER SELVES: BLACK WOMEN ARTISTS, RESISTANCE, IMAGE AND REPRESENTATION, MAY personas, representations, and media images of African-American women to challenge the racialized, reductive constructions found in mainstream white media and fine art.
Media Portrayals of Girls and Women - Introduction Gender Representation, Stereotyping Whatever the role, television, film and popular magazines are full of images of women and girls who are typically white, desperately thin, and made up to the hilt—even after slaying a gang of vampires or dressing down a .
Representation of gender in the media today essay background section of research paper poets and writers call for submissions essays video rallycross essay septembre women s brains essay summary of Short essay on annual sports day unsw law essays dre money the introduction to an essay apa sixth edition dissertation citation moto.
I am writing a research folder for my dissertation at uni and i was looking for opinions on the subject of sexism in the media industry. Do you think women are represented in a positive way in the media? This dissertation examines women's representations in the Algerian print media.
Different methods were used to explore these representations: a questionnaire-based survey, in-depth interviews and a content analysis of data collected from press clippings published between , a period which witnessed major social and political upheavals that impacted women as well as the media.
Gender studies in media are a wide topic of research that includes many different types of media: prime-time television, radio and more recently, the internet. It is a constantly growing field of study and is important for many reasons. Different ideologies concerning gender .