Should Parents Be Licensed?:
Excerpt from Term Paper: Abortion Debate With the growing awareness regarding gender roles and their due rights, the number of misunderstandings and misapprehensions has also considerably augmented.
Abortion, by some is considered the right of a woman or of the parents of the unborn child, by some a crime and by many others a debatable and a highly controversial issue. However, it has been observed that the underlying aspects of the issue under consideration are largely ignored, seldom misunderstood and are often given in to assumptions or false beliefs and preconceived notions based on generalizations.
We need to understand that the main reason behind this heated debate about abortion results more from lack of awareness than anything else. Since we mostly study this issue from the standpoint of morality and religion, we equate abortion to crime. However if we take into account the real definition of personhood, mental, physical and emotional health of the expecting mother and the social problem resulting from birth of an unwanted child, then the issue would not be so controversial.
What is personhood and when is abortion murder? The pro-life quarter maintains that every child whether born or unborn has a right to life and health, therefore it is absolutely immoral for her mother to deny him this right especially when the child has not even entered the world.
In other words, this section feels that if a mother has the right to life and if she can terminate the pregnancy because of her health, how can she be allowed to deny her unborn child his right to life.
However they fail to understand that every unborn child is not exactly a person and it is only a person who can claim a right to life. Even medical professionals are of the view that first twenty-four weeks after conception are safe for abortion since the child in that stage is still a fetus or an embryo, which cannot be referred to as a person.
The pro-choice section however needs to understand that it is important to avoid extremes. Even though I firmly agree with them, I want to make it clear that termination of pregnancy in the last few months is criminal unless the mother is critically ill.
It is true that a child cannot be called a person in prenatal stage, but still he is a fully developed human being when pregnancy has reached the end of its term. Therefore to support abortion at this stage is absolutely wrong because it would be the same thing as killing a human being. In the first few months of pregnancy however, abortion option should be available to all expecting mothers Jerry Muller explains who exactly a person is and why pro-life argument is weak, "The right-to-life movement regards human "life" as a good -- a claim most of us are broadly inclined to accept.
But the right-to-life movement goes further. It regards all human life as a good, regardless of the mental, emotional or intellectual capacities of the individual.
To right-to-lifers, keeping alive anencephalic infants children missing all or most of their brains is a moral imperative. The right-to-life movement regards every degree of human life as equal to the most complete development of human life: I believe that the reason abortion should be allowed without any problems and bias is because an unwanted child may never receive the same kind of treatment that a wanted child would.
Furthermore, according to one study, "we need to come to terms with the difference between a wanted pregnancy -- with the joy and excitement it can bring -- and an unwanted pregnancy -- with the rejection and desperation that can accompany it" Berer, p.
In other words, we must understand that legalizing abortion in the first twenty four weeks would only help decrease the number of unwanted pregnancies which result in social problems.
Role of Court in Pro-choice stance It is important to know how the Court has played an important role in this issue. In fact it was the Supreme Court decision of that turned this issue into major subject of political, legal and social debate.
It was in that Roe vs. Wade case was brought to the Supreme Court where it was decided that abortion on demand should be legalized in all 50 states of the country. This was the first major decision in this area and also the most critical one.
Pollit, The Court maintained that women should be allowed to terminate her pregnancy on the grounds of health. Court said abortion was allowed, " All these factors may relate to health. Maternity or additional offspring may force upon the woman a distressful life and future.
Psychological harm may be imminent. Mental and physical health may be taxed by childcare. There is also the distress for all concerned associated with the unwanted child, and there is the problem of bringing a child into a family already unable, psychologically or otherwise, to care for it The court carefully examined the social and economic conditions of the mother and realized that a child should come into this world only if his family is emotionally or psychologically prepared to take care of all his needs.
Objection Apart from several other objections that pro-lifers have raised in connection with abortion, they also maintain that legalizing abortion would result in unprecedented growth in the number of abortions. Secondly the feel that with new ultrasound technologies, people no longer think of the child as a fetus in the first few months.
Ken Connor, the head of the FRC, says that with new three- dimensional ultrasounds, "People recognize immediately that an unborn child is a child. No pro-choicer supports abortion in all its form in fact as The Economist explains, "most Americans want to preserve abortion rights.
They recoil at partial-birth abortion.Justice Antonin Scalia, an originalist, famously held that the Constitution neither permits nor prohibits abortion.
On the contrary, unborn babies are “persons” within the original public meaning of the Fourteenth Amendment, and they are consequently owed due process and equal protection on constitutional grounds. Prenatal Genetic Testing.
an affected son might choose not to tell her pregnant sister about her carrier status because she does not believe in abortion and fears that her sister might consider an abortion (16). In another example, a woman identified as a carrier of a gene predisposing individuals to cancer might not wish to share the.
Chapter 4: Ethical Issues at the Beginning of Life ”Table. INTRODUCTION; REPRODUCTIVE RIGHTS; ABORTION; In the laws prohibiting abortion were struck down, and the topic of abortion will be discussed in detail below.
But even where harm done to a fetus is intentional the autonomy of a woman would seem to be paramount. In a. Feb 25, · (Results Page 2) View and download abortion essays examples.
Also discover topics, titles, outlines, thesis statements, and conclusions for your abortion essay. There is a basic contradiction involved in permitting abortion while at the same time prohibiting prenatal harm.
(1) This contradiction can be stated in personhood terms and in terms of the woman's rights. permitting abortion while at the same time prohibiting prenatal harm. (1) This contradiction can be stated in personhood terms and in terms of the woman's rights. I'd like to elucidate that contradiction and examine three solutions which rise out of current literature; I'd like .