International Public Library Subject Specific software e. Check out public and university libraries, businesses, government agencies, as well as contact knowledgeable people in your community.
UER Before an article, report, or brief is accepted into the Undergraduate Engineering Review, the author must first submit a proposal that specifies the importance of the research, the scope and limitations of the research, and the methods for the research.
Submitters should read the journal's Request for Proposals before submitting. Unfortunately, nuclear fission, the process used to create this large amount energy, creates significant amounts of high level radioactive waste.
More than 30, metric tons of nuclear waste have arisen from U. Because of the build-up of this waste, some power plants will be forced to shut down. To avoid losing an important source of energy, a safe and economical place to keep this waste is necessary.
This document proposes a literature review of whether Yucca Mountain is a suitable site for a nuclear waste repository. The proposed review will discuss the economical and environmental aspects of a national storage facility. This proposal includes my methods for gathering information, a schedule for completing the review, and my qualifications.
However, the DOE is undecided on where to put this high level radioactive waste. Yucca Mountain, located in Nevada, is a proposed site. There are many questions regarding the safety of the Yucca Mountain waste repository.
Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory disagree over the long-term safety of the proposed high level nuclear waste site located in Nevada. InCharles Bowman, a researcher at Los Alamos, developed a theory claiming that years of storing waste in the mountain may actually start a nuclear chain reaction and explode, similar to an atomic bomb [Taubes, ].
The stir caused by theory suggests that researchers have not explored all sides of the safety issue concerning potentially hazardous situations at Yucca Mountain. Bowman's theory that Yucca Mountain could explode is based upon the idea that enough waste will eventually disperse through the rock to create a critical mass.
A critical mass is an amount of fissile material, such as plutonium, containing enough mass to start a neutron chain reaction [Murray, ]. Bowman argues that if this chain reaction were started underground, the rocks in the ground would help keep the system compressed and speed up the chain reaction [Taubes, ].
A chain reaction formed underground could then generate huge amounts of energy in a fraction of a second, resulting in a nuclear blast. A nuclear explosion of this magnitude would emit large amounts of radioactivity into the air and ground water. Another safety concern is the possibility of a volcanic eruption in Yucca Mountain.
The long-term nuclear waste storage facility needs to remain stable for at least 10, years to allow the radioactive isotopes to decay to natural levels [Clark, ]. There are at least a dozen young volcanoes within 40 kilometers of the proposed Yucca Mountain waste site [Weiss, ].
The proximity of Yucca Mountain to these volcanoes makes it possible to have a volcanic eruption pass through the spent fuel waste repository. Such a volcanic eruption could release damaging amounts of radioactivity to the environment.
Objectives I propose to review the available literature about using Yucca Mountain as a possible repository for spent nuclear fuel.
In this review I will achieve the following two goals: According to the Department of Energy DOEa repository for high-level radioactive waste must meet several criteria including safety, location, and economics [Roush, ].
Safety includes not only the effect of the repository on people near the site, but also people along the transportation routes to the site. In my research I will consider both groups of people. As far as location, a waste site cannot be in an area with a large population or near a ground water supply.
Also, because one of the most significant factors in determining the life span of a possible repository is how long the waste storage canisters will remain in tact, the waste site must be located in a dry climate to eliminate the moisture that can cause the waste canisters to corrode.
The economics involved in selecting a site is another criterion. For that reason, much pressure exists to select Yucca Mountain as a repository site; otherwise, this money would have been wasted.
Other costs, though, have to be considered. For instance, how economical is it to transport radioactive waste across several states to a single national site? I will try to account for as many of these other costs as possible.
After explaining the criteria, I will assess how well Yucca Mountain meets those criteria. In this assessment, I will not assign a numerical score for each criterion.
Rather, I will discuss qualitatively how well Yucca Mountain meets each criterion.Dec 19, · A powerful guide in fact. It lists almost all aspects of writing a proposal essay.
However, there is one thing students have to note. Even though there are certain rules and principles for writing an essay, there is always scope for breaking the conventions. Universities always accept innovations in Reviews: How to Write a Paper Topic Proposal & Thesis Statement • PART 1 OF THE ASSIGNMENT: PAPER TOPIC PROPOSAL The formal research paper or honors thesis will provide you with an opportunity to more fully develop the background and implications of one of the topics presented during the semester or explore a related topic not covered.
Writing a Political Science, LSJ or Jackson School Paper Proposal The purpose writing a paper proposal is to give your professor, TA, and/or peers an opportunity to provide feedback on your topic, argument, and research goals.
Sample Proposals for the Undergraduate Engineering Review. Contents: Proposal #1 A Proposal to Research the Storage Facility for Spent Nuclear Fuel at Yucca Mountain Roger Bloom This research culminates in a formal report, which will be completed by December 5, To reach this goal, I will follow the schedule presented in Figure 1.
Scholars and scientists write research proposals to get funding for their original research. These succinct proposals explain in depth why the project is worth pursuing and funding. For students, the goal of a research proposal is to convince your teacher or mentor that .
May 28, · A Sample of Research Proposal Outlines and Papers May 28, by April Klazema From high school to upper-level university courses and beyond, there are many times in which an individual may need to write a research paper or a attheheels.com: April Klazema.