Radioactive Waste I would like to have a discussion on issues surrounding radioactive waste.
Sec. · Radioactive waste management: · The Asahi Shimbun is widely regarded for its an analysis of the influences of popular media in the era of colonialism journalism as the most respected daily newspaper in Japan. In short, radioactive waste is a kind of waste in gas, liquid or solid form that contain radioactive nuclear substance. There are many industries like mining, defense, medicine, scientific research, nuclear power generation which produce by-products that include radioactive waste. High-level nuclear waste--one of the nation's most hazardous substances--is accumulating at 80 sites in 35 states. The United States has generated 70, metric tons of nuclear waste and is expected to generate , metric tons by
Radioactive wastes are generated from a wide range of sources, including the power industry, and medical and scientific research institutions, presenting a range of challenges in dealing with a diverse set of radionuclides of varying concentrations. Conditioning technologies are essential for the encapsulation and immobilisation of these radioactive wastes, forming the initial engineered barrier required for their transportation, storage and disposal.
The need to ensure the long term performance of radioactive waste forms is a key driver of the development of advanced conditioning technologies.
The Handbook of advanced radioactive waste conditioning technologies provides a comprehensive and systematic reference on the various options available and under development for the treatment and immobilisation of radioactive wastes.
The book opens with an introductory chapter on radioactive waste characterisation and selection of conditioning technologies. Part one reviews the main radioactive waste treatment processes and conditioning technologies, including volume reduction techniques such as compaction, incineration and plasma treatment, as well as encapsulation methods such as cementation, calcination and vitrification.
This coverage is extended in part two, with in-depth reviews of the development of advanced materials for radioactive waste conditioning, including geopolymers, glass and ceramic matrices for nuclear waste immobilisation, and waste packages and containers for disposal.
Finally, part three reviews the long-term performance assessment and knowledge management techniques applicable to both spent nuclear fuels and solid radioactive waste forms.
With its distinguished international team of contributors, the Handbook of advanced radioactive waste conditioning technologies is a standard reference for all radioactive waste management professionals, radiochemists, academics and researchers involved in the development of the nuclear fuel cycle.
Provides a comprehensive and systematic reference on the various options available and under development for the treatment and immobilisation of radioactive wastes Explores radioactive waste characterisation and selection of conditioning technologies including the development of advanced materials for radioactive waste conditioning Assesses the main radioactive waste treatment processes and conditioning technologies, including volume reduction techniques such as compaction.Radioactive waste management and contaminated site clean-up is a comprehensive resource for professionals, researchers, scientists and academics in radioactive waste management, governmental and other regulatory bodies and the nuclear power industry.
Radioactive waste is a waste product containing radioactive decay material. It is usually the product of a nuclear process such as nuclear fission, though industries not directly connected to the nuclear power|nuclear power industry may also produce radioactive waste.
1. Introduction. The generation of radioactive wastes varies from country to country depending on the scale of applications and range of activity associated with nuclear and radioactive material utilization in . Safety and environmental impact is of uppermost concern when dealing with the movement and storage of nuclear waste.
The 20 chapters in 'An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation' cover all important aspects of immobilisation, from nuclear decay, to regulations, to new technologies and methods. Embedding radioactive waste in bitumen has been used in immobilisation since the s and the total volume of radioactive waste immobilised in bitumen currently exceeds , m 3.
In the bituminisation process, radioactive wastes are embedded in molten bitumen and encapsulated when the bitumen cools. Sec. · Radioactive waste management: · The Asahi Shimbun is widely regarded for its an analysis of the influences of popular media in the era of colonialism journalism as the most respected daily newspaper in Japan.