The culture of India or Indian culture can be best expressed as comprising the following Humanity - The mildness of the Indians has continued till date, despite the aggressiveness of the Muslim conquerors and the reforming zeal of the British, the Portuguese and the Dutch. The Indians are noted for their humanness and calm nature without any harshness in their principles and ideals.
A review of the leadership literature showed that parsimony may be a problem in understanding leadership.
In contrast to parsimony, the study uncovered over 90 variables that may comprise the whole of leadership. The authors then proposed an integrative definition of leadership encompassing the 90 plus variables that may help researchers and practitioners to more fully understand the breadth and scope of leadership.
As more research uncovers new insights into leadership, this integrative definition will need to be upgraded, and as well, this integrative definition could be used as a base for leadership development programs.
One might wonder if we as researchers, scholars, consultants, and leaders were not the cause of this problem in that we have examined the parts of leadership, but not the whole.
We reflected on the story of the blind men describing the elephant and the different accurate descriptions that each blind man gave, yet each was insufficient to understand the whole.
How would the blind men's descriptions change if the elephant started walking? The movement of the trunk is different than the movement of the tail which is different than the movement of legs, which is different than the movement of the side of the elephant, which is different than the movement of the ears.
While the 26, articles talk about leadership, there seem to be a lot of blind men describing a moving elephant. Why were we blind in our past view of leadership?
Perhaps our training in research and the exploration in the social sciences caused us to miss the whole as we probed the parts. Social science research often uses reductionism in studying and understanding social phenomena, with studies focusing on relationships among selected variables.
This is not a bad thing to do and has helped us understand hundreds, if not thousands, of social science concepts. However, in the case of the study of leadership, this approach has taken us away from the whole.
And it is this whole that we seek to understand. This is not the first attempt to study the whole of leadership as Rost reviewed leadership definitions, only to end up with the same social science research reductionist flaw when he concluded his work with a five-point definition of leadership.
Barker also reviewed the leadership definitions used to date, only to also conclude that leadership is about two things—process and behaviors. Thus, the purpose of this current presentation on a whole definition of leadership is to present a whole or complete leadership definition as it exists today.
As new findings occur in leadership research we may come to understand leadership differently, but for now, this current definition helps us understand the whole of leadership. Working as a team, we reviewed l60 articles and books that contained a definition, a scale, or a construct of leadership.
For research, this integrative definition is problematic in that the next phase of this project required that we build an integrative model of all the dimensions and show how each element affects the others. Like Kuhn's work on scientific revolution explains—when the current paradigms do not explain the observed phenomena it is time for a different approach.
While many of the dimensions that occur in an integrative definition are virtuous, we have not had a clear theory of virtuous leadership—until now. To help the reader follow along with the dimensions of this integrative definition we first present the definition by itself and then follow the definition with separate sections examining each key thought in more depth.
In this integrative definition we use complex and compound sentences in order to show the connectedness and interrelatedness of the concepts and dimensions.
An Integrative Definition of Leadership A leader is one or more people who selects, equips, trains, and influences one or more follower s who have diverse gifts, abilities, and skills and focuses the follower s to the organization's mission and objectives causing the follower s to willingly and enthusiastically expend spiritual, emotional, and physical energy in a concerted coordinated effort to achieve the organizational mission and objectives.
The leader achieves this influence by humbly conveying a prophetic vision of the future in clear terms that resonates with the follower s beliefs and values in such a way that the follower s can understand and interpret the future into present-time action steps.
In this process, the leader presents the prophetic vision in contrast to the present status of the organization and through the use of critical thinking skills, insight, intuition, and the use of both persuasive rhetoric and interpersonal communication including both active listening and positive discourse, facilitates and draws forth the opinions and beliefs of the followers such that the followers move through ambiguity toward clarity of understanding and shared insight that results in influencing the follower s to see and accept the future state of the organization as a desirable condition worth committing personal and corporate resources toward its achievement.
The leader recognizes the diversity of the follower s and achieves unity of common values and directions without destroying the uniqueness of the person. The leader accomplishes this through innovative flexible means of education, training, support, and protection that provide each follower with what the follower needs within the reason and scope of the organization's resources and accommodations relative to the value of accomplishing the organization's objectives and the growth of the follower.A technical" therapeutic" definition" (How" does" it" work?):!Motivational!Interviewing!
is! a collaborative,! goalForiented! method! of! communication! with. It is a fusion of old traditional values and the modern principles, thus satisfying all the three generations in the present India.
The Elite businessman and the common vendor on the road share the same news and worship the same deity. Secularism - India is a secular coun country as stated in its Constitution. There is freedom of worship throughout the length and breadth of India without any breeches or violations of .
Home ; Bio ; Vitae ; Publications ; Projects ; Contact. Start studying Cultural and Intellectual Life. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Tradition is often used as an adjective, in contexts such as traditional music, traditional medicine, traditional values and others.
In such constructions tradition refers to specific values and materials particular to the discussed context, passed through generations. Start studying Developmental. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
An attachment style that describes adults who demand closeness, are less trusting, and are more emotional, jealous, and possessive.
A neurological definition of death— an individual is brain dead when all electrical activity.